This is the first in a series of infographics presented by the UIU team on urban issues in Africa and the rest of the world.
Transportation is a critical issue to city dwellers across the continent, particularly in terms of public transport needs as a part of developing urban infrastructure. The transport mix in different African cities demonstrates the local economic development, public transport provision and awareness of climate change.
The majority of cities in Africa depend on public transport, the highest being Kigali and Kampala with approximately 80% and 61% of the population respectively. However public transport in Africa is dominated by the operations of the informal sector, for example minibus taxis in South Africa and Okadas (motorcycle taxis) in Nigeria. This shows that government funded public transport is not adequate for the populations living in African cities.
The use of non-motorized transport is the second modal group after public transport. It is prevalent all over Africa, with the highest percentage of the population walking in Dakar and cycling in Ouagadougou. These modes of transport are shrinking rapidly, as cities become bigger and harder to manoeuvre through.
Private motorised transport, though the most unsustainable is growing rapidly in Africa. It is still the least used mode of transport but as incomes rise, car ownership has the potential to increase. Johannesburg has the highest number of paved roads, highest GDP and the highest private car modal share in Africa, proving that Africa is following similar car ownership patterns to other parts of the world.
The Urban Intelligence Unit (UIU) is the research wing of Future Cape Town, a non-profit think tank creating a space for debate, awareness and action about the future of cities. Our mission is to conduct high-quality, innovative, and trans-disciplinary research, and to disseminate knowledge and foster knowledge sharing and to review policy matters in the area of urbanism.
Download the high resolution version here.
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